By Diane Small

Traveling and heading out on holiday are two very different types of trips. The traveller is a keen explorer who wants to leave no corner unturned. They want to immerse themselves in the local culture, see it all, try new experiences and mingle with the locals. The holidaymaker is simply there to relax. They want to kick back after a busy few months at work, and soak up the sunshine with a cocktail in hand.

No matter which situation you’re in, when you’re abroad, it’s a good idea to approach new places and people in a way that ensures smooth communication with the locals, and a true understanding of their culture. To help you achieve that, I’ve come up with a few ethical things to do every time you travel. Do you have any rules you personally think are important? Leave them in the comments section!

1. Take a Free Walking Tour

I know what you’re thinking: there’s nothing in life that’s for free, right? Wrong! Many busy cities with lots of tourist attractions offer free walking tours. It’s a great way to get some exercise, learn the layout of a city, gather an understanding of your new temporary home and indulge in a little insider knowledge. It’s also a great opportunity to meet other travellers from around the world. Just be sure to leave a small tip for your tour guide at the end as a show of thanks.

ethical things to do every time you travel

2. Check Out the Local Food

Chain restaurants abound in most big cities of the world, and if you ask me, that sucks. It feels as though the world isn’t necessarily getting smaller, it’s just getting duller! Part of understanding and enjoying a new place is eating the food that they enjoy, so go ahead and tuck in to whatever’s on offer at a restaurant that’s frequented by the local people. In some places, that can be tough (think: Venice), so you may have to go further afield (see below). But another great idea is to visit local grocery stores. These not only show you what locals really do shop for, but they’re a great place to stock up on lower-priced souvenirs like local sweets and liquors.

ethical things to do every time you travel

3. Head Off the Beaten Track

Sometimes the most authentic restaurants, bars, views and areas of beauty are off the beaten track and away from the main tourist sites, which are often packed with international businesses like Starbucks and McDonald’s. It’s a good idea to get out of the main tourist traps (I’m thinking the centre of Florence, Paris, etc) and consider hiring a car to explore the surrounding areas instead. Roam around and explore with no intentions other than to enjoy your surroundings. Stop into a local restaurant or cafe and support a small business that isn’t used to cleaning up from tourism. Take some beautiful snaps. Who knows what you may discover?

ethical things to do every time you travel

5. Respect Local Customs

Don’t be THAT tourist. Prior research will go a long way here, so ensure you’re clued up on cultural norms. Tourists get a bad reputation, and often with good reason, so don’t give legs to that. Learn the dressing, eating and greeting etiquette (handshake? kiss? bow?) and follow it. If any rules are given in public spaces, such as taking photos, removing shoes, etc, follow those rules!

ethical things to do every time you travel

5. Learn How To Tip

Leaving no tip in some cultures is a terrible insult. But guess what? Leaving a huge tip can be just as uncomfortable in some places! For example, in the USA, we all know the tip should be around 15-20%, and if you don’t leave a tip, there may be hell to pay. But if you leave a tip in Japan, the waiter is likely to come running after you, saying you forgot some money on the table. And if you try to give it to the waiter, they’re likely to feel very uncomfortable with that indeed! Read up on the tipping norms before you travel so you avoid confusion and discomfort.

ethical things to do every time you travel

6. Learn At Least Some of the Language

No one expects you to learn Laotian or Russian for a short trip, but be a respectful traveller by learning a few key phrases such as hello, sorry, goodbye, thank you, and I don’t speak your language. Most locals will appreciate the effort even if you don’t quite get it right!

7. Beware of the Camera Trap

This rule may come last, but it is important, especially given the ubiquity of smartphones: never snap photos of the locals as though they are waxworks in a museum. How would you feel if someone came up to you and stuck a camera in your face? Also, be aware of your presence as a tourist with your camera – sure, you may want to get the perfect shot of your friend on that bridge or pathway, but if you’re blocking locals from moving freely on it, even for a few minutes, you’re being a nuisance!